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India, China, US see 70% rise in energy demand: IEA
China, the US and India together accounted for nearly 70 per cent of the rise in energy demand, even as such demand worldwide grew by 2.3 per cent last year, at its fastest pace this decade, the International Energy Agency (IEA) said on Tuesday. This exceptional rise in energy demand was driven by a robust global economy and stronger heating and cooling needs in some regions, according to the IEA report. "The Global Energy & CO2 Status Report" also said that China remains the global leader in renewables -- both for wind and solar. Natural gas emerged as the fuel of choice, posting the biggest gains and accounting for 45 per cent of the rise in energy consumption. Gas demand growth was especially strong in the US and China. These findings are part of the IEA`s latest assessment of global energy consumption and energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions for 2018. The report provides a high-level and up-to-date view of energy markets, including latest available data for oil, natural gas, coal, wind, solar, nuclear power, electricity and energy efficiency. Demand for all fuels increased, with fossil fuels meeting nearly 70 per cent of the growth for the second year running. Solar and wind generation grew at double-digit pace, with solar alone increasing by 31 per cent. Still, that was not fast enough to meet higher electricity demand around the world that also drove up coal use. As a result, global energy-related carbon dioxide emissions rose by 1.7 per cent to 33 gigatonnes (Gt) in 2018. Coal use in power generation alone surpassed 10 Gt, accounting for a third of the total increase. Most of that came from a young fleet of coal power plants in developing Asia. The majority of coal-fired generation capacity today is found in Asia, with 12-year-old plants on average, decades short of average lifetimes of around 50 years. Electricity continues to position itself as a fuel of the future, with global electricity demand growing by four per cent in 2018 to more than 23,000 terawatt hours. This rapid growth is pushing electricity towards a 20 per cent share in total final consumption of energy. Increasing power generation was responsible for half of the growth in primary energy demand.  Renewables were a major contributor to this power generation expansion, accounting for nearly half of electricity demand growth. China remains the leader in renewables, both for wind and solar, followed by Europe and the US. Energy intensity improved by 1.3 per cent last year, just half the rate of the period between 2014 and 2016. This third consecutive year of slowdown was the result of weaker energy efficiency policy implementation and strong demand growth in more energy intensive economies, the report said. "We have seen an extraordinary increase in global energy demand in 2018, growing at its fastest pace this decade," said IEA Executive Director Fatih Birol. "Last year can also be considered another golden year for gas, which accounted for almost half the growth in global energy demand. But despite major growth in renewables, global emissions are still rising, demonstrating once again that more urgent action is needed on all fronts -- developing all-clean energy solutions, curbing emissions, improving efficiency, and spurring investments and innovation, including in carbon capture, utilisation and storage." Almost a fifth of the increase in global energy demand came from higher demand for heating and cooling as average winter and summer temperatures in some regions approached or exceeded historical records. Cold snaps drove demand for heating and, more significantly, hotter summer temperatures pushed up demand for cooling. The US saw the largest increase in oil and gas demand worldwide. Its gas consumption jumped 10 per cent from the previous year, the fastest increase since the beginning of IEA records in 1971. Global gas demand expanded at its fastest rate since 2010, with year-on-year growth of 4.6 per cent, the second consecutive year of strong growth, driven by higher demand and substitution from coal.
Oil rises to 2019 highs on strong China demand despite economic slowdown
January 21, 2019 Monday 11:15 AM By Reuters
Oil prices rose to their highest for 2019 on Monday after data showed refinery processing in China, the world’s second-largest oil consumer, climbed to a record in 2018, despite a slowing economy last year. Prices are further being supported by supply cuts led by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), analysts said. International Brent crude oil futures LCOc1 were at $62.94 per barrel at 0404 GMT, up 24 cents, or 0.4 percent, from their last close. Brent earlier rose above $63 for the first time in 2019. U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures CLc1 were at $54.05 a barrel, up 25 cents, or 0.5 percent. It was the first time this year that WTI rose above $54 a barrel. Traders said the price rises came after data released by China’s National Bureau of Statistics on Monday showed crude oil refinery throughput climbed to record 603.57 million tonnes in 2018, or 12.12 million barrels per day (bpd), up 6.8 percent from the previous year. The strong oil demand figures came despite China’s 2018 economic growth slowing to the weakest in 28 years, at 6.6 percent versus 6.8 percent in 2017. Although the slowdown was in line with expectations and not as sharp as some analysts had expected, the cooling of the world’s second-largest economy casts a shadow over global growth. “The global outlook remains murky, despite emerging positives from a dovish Fed (now boosting U.S. mortgage applications), faster China easing (China credit growth stabilizing) and a more durable U.S.-China truce,” U.S. bank J.P. Morgan said in a note. Despite this, analysts said supply cuts led by OPEC would likely support crude oil prices. “Brent can remain above $60 per barrel on OPEC+ compliance, expiry of Iran waivers and slower U.S. output growth,” J.P. Morgan said. It recommended investors should “stay long” crude oil, referring to buying futures in the expectation that prices will rise. Researchers at Bernstein Energy said the supply cuts led by OPEC “will move the market back into supply deficit” for most of 2019 and that should cause prices to rise to $70 a barrel before the end of the year. In the United States, energy firms cut the number of rigs drilling for oil by 21 in the week to Jan. 18, taking the total count down to 852, the lowest since May 2018, energy services firm Baker Hughes said in a weekly report on Friday. It was biggest decline since February 2016, as drillers reacted to the 40 percent plunge in U.S. crude prices late last year. However, U.S. crude oil production C-OUT-T-EIA still rose by more than 2 million bpd in 2018, to a record 11.9 million bpd. With the rig count stalling, last year’s growth rate is unlikely to be repeated in 2019, although most analysts expect annual production to average well over 12 million bpd, making the United States the world’s biggest oil producer ahead of Russia and Saudi Arabia.
Category: Other Countries
Russia to supply nuclear fuel for China’s fast-neutron reactor
January 10, 2019 Thursday 7:05 PM By News Desk, energynewsbd.com
TVEL Fuel Company, a subsidiary of Russia’s state atomic energy corporation- Rosatom and CNLY, a subsidiary of  China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) have signed a contract for supply of nuclear fuel for CFR-600 fast-neutron reactor which is currently under construction in China. The contract covers the initial loading of nuclear fuel, as well as supplies for refueling during the first seven years of the reactor operation, said a press release. New manufacturing line for the CFR-600 fuel assemblies is planned at the Machine-building Plant of TVEL Fuel Company in Elektrostal in Moscow. The Chinese side addressed Rosatom State Corporation with a request for production of the CFR-600 fuel assemblies, considering its almost 40 years long experience of nuclear fuel manufacturing for the Russian fast-neutron reactors. “In addition to our long-time experience with uranium-based fuel manufacturing for commercial fast-neutron reactors, in 2018, Rosatom has launched batch production of uranium-and-plutonium MOX fuel for the BN-800 reactor,” said Natalia Nikipelova, the president of TVEL. Rusatom Overseas coordinates negotiation of the whole package of agreements on cooperation in the nuclear industry between Russia and China. “Given that this project is a demonstration type, Russian engineers will come up with, in fact, a new kind of nuclear fuel, based on the Chinese design” Evgeny Pakermanov, the president of Rusatom Overseas informed. The CFR-600 fuel contract has been signed as a part of the agreement between the Government of Russia and of China on the joint construction and operation of the fast reactor in China. The agreement mainly covers construction of innovative power units of the Russian design (generation III +) with VVER-1200 reactors at two sites in China - Tianwan NPP and Xudabao NPP. TVEL Fuel Company of Rosatom incorporates enterprises for the fabrication of nuclear fuel, conversion and enrichment of uranium, production of gas centrifuges, as well as research and design organizations. It is the only supplier of nuclear fuel for Russian nuclear power plants. TVEL Fuel Company of Rosatom provides nuclear fuel for 72 power reactors in 14 countries, research reactors in eight countries, as well as transport reactors of the Russian nuclear fleet. Every sixth power reactor in the world operates on fuel manufactured by TVEL.
Category: Other Countries
Coal India output up 7.4 per cent to 412 MT during Apr-Dec period
January 2, 2019 Wednesday 11:28 AM By The Economic Times
Coal India Ltd (CIL) said Tuesday its output rose 7.4 per cent to 412.42 million tonne (MT) in the April-December period of the ongoing fiscal as compared with the corresponding period of the previous fiscal. The state-run company had recorded a production of 383.92 MT during the corresponding period of 2017-18. For December, its output was almost flat at 54.13 MT. The company had recorded 54.63 MT output in December 2017. The coal offtake by the public sector undertaking registered a growth of 5.5 per cent to 444.59 MT during the April-December period. CIL accounts for over 80 per cent of the domestic coal production in the country.
Category: Regional
Power Unit 4 of the China’s Tianwan NPP goes for operations
December 31, 2018 Monday 11:59 AM By News Desk, energynewsbd.com
The power unit 4 of Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant Starts of commercial operations on December 22, 2018 after successful completion of commissioning of the its nuclear island. All the tests for Power Units 3 and 4, stipulated in the Commissioning Program were conducted and the results were found compliant with the technical specifications and safety requirements as mentioned in the General Contract. A preliminary acceptance certificate for the Tianwan NPP Unit 4 nuclear island, based on the tests results will be issued shortly, said a press release. General contract for Units 3 and 4 of Tianwan NPP was made by and between Atomstroyexport, the general contractor from Russia and Jiangsu Nuclear Power Corporation (JNPC) of China. ‘This means that a two-year warranty period for the plant operations has commenced, and once expired the Unit will  ultimately be handed over to the Chinese Party,’ says Alexey Bannik, Vice President for Projects in China,  Rosatom’s Engineering Division.  Tianwan NPP handover for commercial operations means that electricity generated by the Unit 4 starts to be supplied to the national grid of China at the fixed price quoted by the authorities. The Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant is being constructed by the Jiangsu Nuclear Power Corporation (JNPC) of China in cooperation with the Russian company Atomstroyexport. Under an agreement signed this year Russia will build 4 new power units with 3+ generation VVER-1200 reactors -Power Units 7 and 8 with VVER-1200 reactors at the Tianwan NPP and 2 power units at the new Xudapu site.
Category: Other Countries
India finalizes bids for setting up over 8,000 MW wind power projects
December 29, 2018 Saturday 12:24 PM By The Economic Times
India has finalized bids for setting up wind power projects of over 8,000 Megawatt (MW) capacity through Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) and National Thermal Power Corporation Ltd (NTPC), power minister R K Singh said. “As on date, the bids for setting up of wind power projects of aggregate 8389.90 MW capacity have been finalized through SECI and NTPC,” Singh said in a written reply in the Lok Sabha. The wind power projects in the country are installed on the basis of commercial viability through tariff based competitive bidding process. Beside above projects, bids of 500 MW each have been finalized by the states of Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, and Maharashtra, Singh informed. The Government has set a target of installing 60 GW of wind power capacity by 2022, against which 35 GW capacity has already been installed. The Government is promoting wind power projects in the entire country by providing various fiscal and financial incentives such as Accelerated Depreciation benefit; concessional customs duty exemption on certain components of wind electric generators. Besides, Generation Based Incentive (GBI) is being provided to the wind projects commissioned before 31 March 2017. In addition to these incentives, various steps have been taken to promote installation of wind capacity in the country comprising technical support that includes wind resource assessment and identification of potential sites through the National Institute of Wind Energy, Chennai. In order to facilitate inter-state sale of wind power, the inter-state transmission charges and losses have been waived off for wind and solar projects to be commissioned by March, 2022. The government has also issued guidelines for the tariff-based competitive bidding process for procurement of power from grid-connected wind power projects. These Guidelines aim to enable the distribution licensees to procure wind power at competitive rates in a cost-effective manner.
Category: Regional
Asian LNG demand to quadruple by 2030
December 21, 2018 Friday 10:52 AM By Oilprice.com
The biggest buyers of liquefied natural gas (LNG) in Northeast Asia—which account for more than half of the world’s LNG market—could see their total uncontracted demand rising fourfold by 2030, new research by Wood Mackenzie has shown. At the same time, U.S. LNG export capacity is set to significantly increase in the coming years with several projects awaiting final investment decisions (FIDs) and several others currently in commissioning stages. Rising LNG demand in Asia is welcome news for the variety of projects under construction and commissioning in the U.S. Gulf Coast and Atlantic Coast. With the massive surge in Chinese natural gas demand and legacy contracts of other Asian buyers expiring, the seven largest LNG buyers in the world are set to soon embark on a hunt for a mix of contracts to cut average costs and enhance security of supply sources, according to WoodMac. These seven major LNG buyers—CNOOC, PetroChina, Sinopec, CPC, JERA, KOGAS, and Tokyo Gas—account for more than 50 percent of the global LNG market. On the supply side, next year could be a record year for FIDs on more than 220 million tons per annum (mmtpa) taken. “Some of the less prepared or competitive projects will slip into 2020 and beyond, but nonetheless a bumper year beckons,” WoodMac says. In 2019, the favorites to reach FID include the US$27-billion Arctic LNG-2 project in Russia, at least one project in Mozambique, and three projects in the United States. Expansion and backfill projects in Australia and Papua New Guinea—closer to the Asian market—could also see FID next year, according to Wood Mackenzie. As the LNG market is changing with more short-term and spot purchases, LNG suppliers have to ensure that they can meet the buyers’ needs of a variety of contracts. Buyers will be looking not only at prices, but also at contract flexibility, diversification of sources, seasonality, and upstream participation, WoodMac said. “Market liberalisation and uncertainty on longer-term demand in more mature markets, such as Japan, South Korea and Taiwan, will mean more room for spot and short-term purchases,” research director Nicholas Browne said. “While oil indexation will continue to dominate markets due to familiarity and ability to hedge, Asian buyers should be more inclined towards hub indexation to boost diversity and enable sales into Europe,” Browne noted. In the United States, export capacity of LNG is expected to more than double by the end of 2019—to 8.9 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d), which will make the United States the world’s third-largest LNG export capacity holder behind Australia and Qatar, the EIA said last week. The United States is now exporting LNG from Sabine Pass in Louisiana—the first LNG facility that began operations in 2016, from Cove Point LNG in Maryland, and most recently—from Corpus Christi in Texas. Cheniere Energy said last week that its first commissioning cargo of LNG had loaded and departed from Corpus Christi in Texas, marking the first LNG export from the state. Cameron LNG in Louisiana and Freeport LNG in Texas are currently being commissioned, with all three trains at Cameron LNG and two trains at Freeport LNG expected to be placed in service in 2019. Another four export terminals—Magnolia LNG, Delfin LNG, Lake Charles, and Golden Pass—plus a sixth train at Sabine Pass have been approved by both the U.S. Federal Regulatory Commission and the Department of Energy, and they are expected to make FIDs in the coming months, the EIA said. Other projects are also planned in the United States, although they still hinge on regulatory approvals. Tellurian expects to receive a final environmental impact statement on its proposed Driftwood LNG project in January 2019 and to take FID in the first half of 2019. Tellurian has just signed a preliminary agreement to sell LNG from Driftwood to commodity trader Vitol based on the Platts Japan Korea Marker (JKM). “The LNG business is evolving into a true commodity market, which includes LNG purchases and sales based on actual LNG prices rather than indexing to other energy products. JKM has emerged as the most liquid and transparent pricing mechanism for LNG,” President and CEO Meg Gentle said. Another LNG developer, NextDecade, received last week a series of air permits from the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality for its Rio Grande LNG project in South Texas. The project must receive final environmental impact statement and a review by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). NextDecade anticipates a final investment decision on Rio Grande LNG in the third quarter next year. Asia is set to dominate long-term LNG demand growth and rising U.S. export capacity can play a role in meeting it.
Category: Other Countries
ABB nears sale of power grids to Hitachi in $11 billion deal
December 20, 2018 Thursday 5:50 PM By Bloomberg
ABB Ltd is nearing an agreement to sell about 80 percent of its power-grids unit to Hitachi Ltd in a deal that would value the entire business at about $11 billion, according to people familiar with the matter. The Swiss engineering giant and the Japanese conglomerate are scheduled to announce the transaction as early as Monday, said the people, who asked not to be identified because discussions are private. A representative for ABB declined to comment while Hitachi couldn’t immediately be reached for comment outside of regular business hours. A sale of the business--which makes power transformers, long distance electricity-transmission systems and energy storage units -- would shrink ABB’s revenue by about a quarter and leave it more focused on robotics and automation. A divestment would also meet a longtime demand of activist investor Cevian Capital AB, which became a major ABB shareholder more than three years ago. After conducting a strategic review, Chief Executive Officer Ulrich Spiesshofer defied the investor in 2016 by deciding to hang on to the division, arguing the business was significantly undervalued. That stance changed this year after the value of the power-grids business rebounded following productivity and margin gains, prompting ABB to work with advisers to consider options, people familiar with the matter said in October. Change of Heart ABB plans to sell the remaining 20 percent stake over time, the people said. The business generated $7.1 billion in revenue in the first nine months of 2018 and a profit margin of 9.8 percent. ABB and Hitachi said last week that they were in discussions to expand and redefine an existing strategic power-grid partnership that dates to 2014, without providing details on the terms. If completed, the acquisition would bolster Hitachi’s position in the growing power transmission and distribution sector, and help it diversify away from its nuclear plant business. Chief Executive Officer Toshiaki Higashihara has been restructuring the diversified company by spinning off some assets. Hitachi is vying to become one of the top grid companies in the world, according to a June presentation. Taking advantage of low financing costs, Japanese companies have been scouting for growth overseas. Takeda Pharmaceutical Co. is on course to complete its $62 billion takeover of Shire Plc after shareholders cleared the deal this month. In October, KKR & Co.’s Calsonic Kansei agreed to acquire car-parts maker Magneti Marelli from Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV in a deal valued at 6.2 billion euros ($7 billion). Daikin Industries Ltd. last month agreed to buy Austrian commercial refrigerator maker AHT Cooling Systems GmbH in a deal worth about $1 billion. Hitachi shares have declined 26 percent this year, valuing the company at about $28 billion. ABB is down 25 percent in the same period, giving it a market capitalization of about $43 billion.
Category: Other Countries
World’s only floating nuclear power plant gets ready to connect to Russian grid
December 15, 2018 Saturday 6:25 PM By News Desk, energynewsbd.com
World’s only floating nuclear power plant (FNPP) AkademikLomonosovis expected to start injecting electricity to Russia’s power grid next year, ushering a new era in global nuclear power industry. Built by Russia’s Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation Reactorof Unit-1 has successfully gone through the  first stage of its  power start-up , last week ( December10) in Murmansk of Russia, said a press release. Power start-up is a series of functional and safety tests to be conducted on AkademikLomonosov’s reactors, before connection to the grid.  At the first stage the reactor was tested at 1-10% of its capacity and at the final stage it will be tested at 110%. During each stage, various operation modes are tested in order to ensure the safety of the power plant. “The floating nuclear power plant is an ideal solution for power supply to remote areas. We consider this project as a new product, which is of interest not only for the grid-isolated Russian Arctic regions, but also for a number of countries around the world,”said Alexey Likhachev, CEO of Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation. “Today we are demonstrating to our potential partners referential technologies in the field of small nuclear power reactors. I am sure that the growing demand for this product will bolster Russia’s leading position in theworld’s nuclear technology market.” Likhachev added. All the tests are likely to be completed by March 2019 and in the second half of the year, the FPU will be towed to its final destination-port of Pevek of Chukotka, extreme north-eastern region of Russia to replace the Bilibino Nuclear Power Plant. A FNPP is basically a mobile, low-capacity reactor unit, designed for operation in remote areas, isolated from the main power distribution system, or in places hard to access by surface. They are capable to maintain both uninterruptible power and desalinated water supply in remote areas. The AkademikLamonosov has a total capacity of 70MW and is equipped with two reactors, each of 35MW. Its operational life span is 40 years, with the provision of extending up to 50 years. Russia has already started working on second generation floating nuclear power plant, which will also have e two reactors, but each with an increased capacity of 50 MW. In addition to having a greater power capacity, the plant will be smaller than its predecessors. Rosatom’s strategy envisages supplying latest generation floating nuclear power plants to the most promising markets for small modular reactors (SMRs) across the globe. So far Middle East, North Africa and Southeast Asia countries shown significant interest in the FNPP technology. The first ever nuclear power plant of Bangladesh is being constructed by Rosatom at Rooppur village of Pabna district. The plant will have two units, each of 1,200 MW capacity. Latest and the safest Russian VVER-1200 reactors to be set up at Rooppur nuclear power plant.  
Category: Other Countries
India plans to expand gas pipeline to Myanmar through Bangladesh
December 8, 2018 Saturday 5:16 PM By The Economic Times
The Indian central government will initially spend Rs 700 billion (70,000 crore) to spread gas pipelines across the country. It is also working out plans to expand gas network to Myanmar through Bangladesh, Union Minister Dharmendra Pradhan said Wednesday. Dharmendra Pradhan was speaking at the three-day conference being organised jointly by National Corrosion Council of India, Karaikudi, SERPL, Central Electrochemical Research Institute and Indian Oil Corporation (IOC). The Indian central government is promoting gas based economy which needs a massive network of pipelines for transportation of natural gas to various corners of the country, he said. “In the first phase Rs 700 billion will be invested to spread gas pipeline network across the country,” the petroleum minister said while addressing the 19th National Conference on Corrosion Control organised here. Pradhan said India is planning to expand gas pipeline network to Myanmar through Bangladesh. “Under this programme, pipelines are proposed to be constructed between Dhamra to Bangladesh and Siliguri to Bangladesh to export LNG gas according to the requirement of the neighbouring nation,” he said. Turning to Odisha, Pradhan said the state needs a huge infrastructure to store, refine and transport the natural gas to the doorsteps of the industry from Paradip, Dhamra and Gopalpur. He said Indian central government is contemplating to promote port-based industries in Odisha and also in other coastal states having natural ports. A strategic oil reserve project will also be launched in Chandikhol after acquiring land there, said Pradhan. The petroleum minister also announced that commercial production of polypropylene from Paradip refinery would commence this month. South Eastern Region Pipelines (SERPL) is presently operating cross-country pipelines network of crude oil and refined products as well as LPG of 1570 kms length with 19.35 MMTPA capacity, he said. Under this region, India Oil is having the biggest and largest crude oil handling facility at Paradip, which is feeding four most important refineries- Paradip, Haladia, Barauni and Bangaigaon. As future expansion plans under SERPL, laying works of 1212 km Paradip-Hyderabad pipeline with capacity of 4.5 MMTPA is in progress. Moreover, preconstruction works for 360 km long Paradip-Dhamra-Haladia LNG pipeline and 345 km long Paradip-Somanathpur-Haladia pipeline are also under progress, said the Petroleum Minister. Pradhan asked participating delegates, scientists and engineers to chalk out a roadmap for creation of better and advanced infrastructure for energy storage, refining and transportation with utilisation of corrosion free metals. The meet aims at analysing various industrial corrosion problems and provide a platform for interaction among industrialists, scientists, engineers and professionals.
Category: Regional
Shapoorji Pallonji bags country’s first large-scale floating solar project
November 29, 2018 Thursday 7:33 AM By The Economic Time
India’s first large-scale floating solar project is on its way with Shapoorji Pallonji winning the first block in Solar Energy Corporation of India’s auction of 150 MW of such projects on the Rihand Dam, along the Uttar Pradesh-Madhya Pradesh border. Shapoorji Pallonji won the reverse auction for 50 MW quoting a tariff of Rs 3.29 per unit, officials said. “This is the country’s first floating solar project at such a scale,” said a Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) official. “There are a few others but they are in kilowatts.” The remaining 100 MW will also be shortly auctioned in blocks of 50 MW, the official said. “We had considered bringing out such a tender two years earlier, but our initial inquiries showed tariffs would have been in the range of Rs 7-8 per unit, and so we decided not to go ahead,” the official said. Since then, solar tariffs have fallen dramatically, with those of ground mounted projects dropping to Rs 2.50-3.50 per unit. In UP, where solar radiation is not as strong as in states like Rajasthan, the average tariff has been more than Rs 3 per unit. Rihand Dam, also known as Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar, is the country’s largest reservoir by volume and largest artificial lake, located on the Rihand River with its catchment area spread over Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. A problem several solar developers face is that of connectivity and transmission of the power they produce as mostly solar projects come up in rural areas because they need vast amounts of land – around six acres per MW. The Rihand floating projects will not have any such issues, and they can use the same transmission facilities as the hydropower station of the dam. “Floating solar is a well-established model worldwide,” said Vinay Rustagi, managing director at solar consultancy Bridge To India. “It is really great that India has also gone forward with floating solar and that too at this size.” He said the price discovered in the first reverse auction is 10% higher than ground-mounted projects in UP. “Given that transmission issues are less, the tariff is in line with expectations,” Rustagi said. He, however, expressed concern that the timeline for the project – at just 13 months – could be a challenge. “Acquiring floating structures within this deadline might be difficult," Rustagi said.
Category: Regional
China overtakes Japan to become world’s top natural gas importer
November 12, 2018 Monday 6:38 PM By Oilprice.com
China has recently overtaken Japan to become the world’s biggest importer of natural gas and will likely keep that crown as pipeline and liquefied natural gas (LNG) infrastructure grow, according to an analysis by S&P Global Platts. In the first ten months of this year, China imported a total of 72.06 million metric tons of natural gas, a 33.1-percent increase compared to January-October 2017. China’s natural gas imports in January-October this year were higher than all of its natural gas imports of 68.57 million tons in 2017, Platts notes, citing Chinese customs data. During the same period, Japan’s imports of LNG stood at 67.36 million tons. According to official data from Japan and China collected by Platts, China first overtook Japan in April this year, when it imported a total of 6.818 million tons of natural gas, higher than Japan’s imports of 6.079 million tons of LNG. Last year, the Chinese government drive to switch millions of residents from coal to natural gas resulted in China surpassing South Korea to become the world’s second-largest LNG importer behind Japan. China’s natural gas imports are set to rise with the construction of new LNG import terminals and the Power of Siberia pipeline from Russia, expected to come into service in late 2019. China is raising its domestic natural gas production, but it is importing and is expected to continue to import growing volumes of gas as domestic production growth can’t keep up with surging demand. According to the Gas 2018 report by the International Energy Agency (IEA), due to the policy to reduce air pollution, China’s natural gas demand is expected to grow by 60 percent through 2023. China is projected to account for 37 percent of the global growth in natural gas consumption between 2017 and 2023, more than any other country, the IEA said. The share of imports in China’s natural gas supply is seen rising from 39 percent to 45 percent by 2023, the agency forecasts.
Category: Other Countries
Southeast Asia’s renewables held back by policy inaction: IRENA
November 4, 2018 Sunday 10:38 AM By Reuters
Southeast Asia is a potential hotspot for renewable energy, yet the region has not met expectations because it lacks policy frameworks that would encourage investment, the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) told Reuters. Renewables across the world have typically been boosted by policies like price subsidies and guaranteed grid takeoff. In Southeast Asia, though, barring some exceptions such as in Thailand, support for renewables has been smaller, and the region lags far behind others in renewable output despite its potential, especially for solar, geothermal and wind power. One of the factors holding back renewables is the region’s abundance of thermal coal, of which Indonesia is the world’s biggest exporter. “Some of the ministers here believe coal is one of their cheaper alternatives, which to some extent is due to the abundance of proven coal resources in Southeast Asia,” IRENA’s director general Adnan Amin told the Reuters Commodity Summit interview series this week. Glencore, the world’s biggest thermal coal exporting company, said on Thursday that “Southeast Asia will drive future economic growth and demand for coal.” The miner said “coal will account for 40 percent of energy growth” in Southeast Asia by 2040 despite the emergence of renewables in the region. CATCHING UP Global renewable capacity, excluding hydro, has soared from under 100,000 megawatts (MW) in 2000 to more than 1 million MW in 2017, according to IRENA data. Only a tiny portion of that has come in Southeast Asia. Europe and North America were the first regions to seriously boost renewable energy, and today, China is the leader in the sector, with India catching up. Now, there are also efforts underway in Southeast Asia: the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) plans to generate 23 percent of its primary energy needs from renewables by 2025, up from just over 10 percent now. To help achieve that, ASEAN and IRENA signed an agreement this week to boost renewable investment and deployment. “I think the adoption of the 23 percent target is a very good step, but that needs to be translated now into policy actions,” said Amin. “Over the next decade, a total of $290 billion will have to be invested for Southeast Asia to reach its targets, a ten-fold increase on the annual investments we’re seeing today,” Amin said, speaking to Reuters while attending Singapore’s International Energy Week (SIEW). Amin said renewable investment, including in Southeast Asia, would receive a boost from “dramatic reductions in the cost of renewables.” Solar panel prices have crashed to under 50 cents per watt of electricity, from around $70 per watt in 1980 as technology and manufacturing efficiency have improved. “Solar is very dynamic right now, and is going to take the largest share of investments ... We’re seeing over the next decade another 50-60 percent decrease in costs, which will bring electricity cost very close to zero,” Amin said. At the same time, Amin said capital markets were starting to price carbon risks, raising the cost of fossil fuels. “Financial institutions have started to bail out from financing coal, so, cost of investments in coal will rise while cost of investments in renewables are decreasing,” Amin said. The latest major bank to pull out of coal financing was Britain`s Standard Chartered in September. Renewable investments have soared over the past decade, though, reaching almost $1 trillion since 2015, IRENA said. Amin said solar would also start to compete with natural gas, an industry that has so far seen itself as complementary to intermittent renewables. “We see the momentum on renewables going so fast that they’ve become competitive with gas power generation. Increasingly as people do the math about investments ... the renewables will start to play a bigger and bigger role.”
Category: Regional
OPEC oil output rises to highest since 2016 despite Iran
November 1, 2018 Thursday 10:53 PM By Reuters
OPEC has boosted oil production in October to the highest since 2016, a Reuters survey found, as higher output led by the United Arab Emirates and Libya more than offset a cut in Iranian shipments due to U.S. sanctions. The 15-member Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries has pumped 33.31 million barrels per day this month, the survey on Wednesday found, up 390,000 bpd from September and the highest by OPEC as a group since December 2016. OPEC agreed in June to pump more oil after pressure from U.S. President Donald Trump to curb rising prices and make up for an expected shortfall in Iranian exports. Oil hit a four-year high of $86.74 a barrel on Oct. 3 but has since eased to $76 as concerns over tight supplies faded. "Oil producers appear to be successfully offsetting the supply outages from Iran and Venezuela," said Carsten Fritsch, analyst at Commerzbank in Frankfurt. The June pact involved OPEC, Russia and other non-members returning to 100 percent compliance with output cuts that began in January 2017, after months of underproduction in Venezuela, Angola and elsewhere had pushed adherence above 160 percent. In October, the 12 OPEC members bound by the supply-limiting agreement lowered compliance to 107 percent as production rose, from a revised 122 percent in September, the survey found. This is the closest OPEC has moved to 100 percent compliance since the June agreement. UAE, LIBYA The biggest increase has come this month from the UAE. Output in October rose by 200,000 bpd to 3.25 million bpd, the survey found, and could in theory rise further as the UAE says its oil-production capacity will reach 3.5 million bpd by the year-end. The second-largest came from Libya where production averaged 1.22 million bpd, the survey found, a rise of 170,000 bpd. Libyan output remains volatile due to unrest, raising questions about the stability of current OPEC production. Saudi Arabia, after opening the taps in June and then scaling back its plans to pump more, supplied 10.65 million bpd in October, more than in June and close to a record high, the survey found. The kingdom, OPEC`s top producer, has indicated it is concerned about potential oversupply, raising the prospect that its next production adjustment could be to rein in output. OPEC`s second-largest producer, Iraq, also raised output in October. Iraqi supply could rise further if Iraq`s new government goes ahead with a deal reached by the outgoing administration and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) to resume exporting Kirkuk crude to Turkey via the KRG. Angola, where natural declines at oilfields curbed production in recent years, boosted supply in October due to supply from a new field, Gindungo. Output is still far below its OPEC target. Supply in Nigeria rose by 30,000 bpd. Like Libya, Nigeria is not part of the OPEC supply-cutting pact because it often faces unplanned outages stemming from unrest. Output in Kuwait edged lower, the survey found. The country had raised production in July following the OPEC deal, and kept it steady in August and September. Among countries with lower output, the biggest drop - 100,000 bpd - occurred in Iran. Exports fell as returning U.S. sanctions discouraged companies from buying the country`s oil, although the decline was lower than some analysts expected. "Iran is going to come in above expectations," said an industry source who tracks OPEC output, referring to Iranian supply in October. Production also slipped further in Venezuela, where a lack of funds for the oil industry because of the country`s economic crisis is cutting refinery operations and crude exports. Despite these decreases, OPEC output in October has risen to the highest since December 2016, the month before the supply-cutting pact took effect, according to Reuters surveys. Some of the extra oil has come from Congo Republic and Equatorial Guinea, which joined OPEC in 2018 and 2017 respectively. Before Congo joined, OPEC had an implied production target for 2018 of 32.78 million bpd, based on cutbacks detailed in late 2016 and Nigeria and Libya`s expectations of 2018 output. According to the survey, OPEC excluding Congo pumped about 530,000 bpd above this implied target in October. The survey aims to track supply to the market and is based on shipping data provided by external sources, Thomson Reuters flows data and information provided by sources at oil companies, OPEC and consulting firms.  
Category: Other Countries
Chinese nuclear power unit built with Russian assistance connects to grid
October 28, 2018 Sunday 6:48 PM By News Desk, energynewsbd.com
Unit 4 of Tianwan Nuclear Power Project (TNPP) of china started injecting electricity to national grid on October 27. The unit is constructed with Russian assistance using VVER-1000 reactor, said a press release. Alexey Likhachev, Director General of Rosatom State Corporation termed Tianwan NPP as the biggest  power project  under Russia-China co-operation  and said , “ We sincerely hope that our  cooperation both in construction of the next phase of Tianwan NPP and  other at Xudapu site shall also be successful.” Following permission from the Chinese regulator, power at Tianwan 4 was raised to 25% of capacity, after which the turbine was brought into operation and electrical tests of the field and power delivery systems were carried out. Power unit 4 was, thereby, connected to the grid. All systems performed in normal operational mode. Reactor operation will be checked at 200 MW output dynamic tests will be performed at 50%, 75% and 100% of capacity. Upon completion of initial testing at full thermal capacity, demonstration operation will proceed at nominal capacity for 100 hours, after which preliminary acceptance procedures will follow. Preliminary acceptance is the starting point of a two-year warranty period for the operation of Tianwan 4. According to Valery Limarenko, Head of Rosatom State Corporation Engineering Division, power start-up of Unit 4 of Tianwan NPP is another victory for the team of Russian and Chinese specialists. He said, “Our partnership lasting for several decades provides additional confidence in successful continuation of our future work. We have even greater challenges ahead as we have to construct minimum four more power units with VVER-1200 rectors in China.” Construction of Tianwan nuclear power plant is being carried out by Jiangsu Nuclear Power Corporation (JNPC) in cooperation with Russian company Atomstroyexport, an engineering division of ROSATOM. Start-up of Tianwan NPP power units 1 and 2 was held in 2007 and of unit-3 in December 2017.    
Category: Other Countries
Uzbekistan embarks on nuclear power plant construction with Russian design
October 20, 2018 Saturday 7:29 PM By News Desk, energynewsbd.com
Central Asian country Uzbekistan formally begins implementation of their first ever nuclear power project. The project envisages the construction of two Generation III+ Russian VVER-1200 power units. The first power unit is scheduled to be commissioned before the end of 2028, said a press release. Deputy Prime Minister of Uzbekistan Alisher Sultanov and Director General of ROSATOM Alexey Likhachev inaugurated the study of one of the potential sites in the country on October 19. President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev and President of Russia Vladimir Putin, joined the event through a videoconference from the Uzbek capital Tashkent. Leaders of the two countries pressed a symbolic button, launching drilling operations at the construction sites to collect soil samples. Few sites were primarily selected based on the results of seismological, geological, ecological and economic feasibility studies. “The creation and development of the nuclear power sector, initiated by the President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, marks a new era for the country’s energy industry and  which will stimulate stable economic development and  will help increase quality of life  of the people,” noted Alisher Sultanov. Alexey Likhachev said, “History of cooperation between Uzbekistan and Russia in the nuclear field is more than half a century long, and we are proud that Uzbekistan chose Russian technologies for the construction of the first NPP in the country. In Uzbekistan ROSATOM will build the most advanced Generation III+ nuclear power plant with two VVER-1200 power units that meets all international safety requirements.” Moreover, both the countries signed a memorandum of understanding on formation of positive public opinion towards nuclear energy in Uzbekistan. The document lays the foundation for bilateral cooperation to promote nuclear power in Uzbekistan and create awareness about modern nuclear energy technologies, to train national media representatives, organize and hold joint conferences, and implement social and educational projects in Uzbekistan.  
Category: Other Countries
India targets 40 GW from rooftop solar system
October 13, 2018 Saturday 11:41 AM By Business Standard
India has a target of 100 gigawatt (GW) installed capacity of solar energy by 2022, of which 40 GW is projected to come from rooftop solar systems, an energy expert said on Thursday. Former Senior Scientific Advisor in the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy Dr Bivek Bandyopadhyay said the World Bank and Global Environment Fund (GEF) had launched a large financing program in 2016 to support clean energy. “Rooftop Solar photovoltaic technology is rapidly emerging as a solution for de-centralized renewable energy generation globally due to the plummeting cost of the technology,” he said while addressing a seminar. He said the rooftop generates electricity from solar power beyond the limit of land availability, enabling higher penetration of renewable energy in the power system, leading to more reduction in Green House Gas (GHG) emissions and climatic change mitigation. He further said that along with hydroelectric projects in the state, the Rooftop Solar PV will enable to create ‘Green Nagaland’. While introducing Sustainable Partnership for Rooftop Solar Acceleration in Bharat (SUPRABHA), the team leader, Yuvaraj Dinesh Babu Nithyanandam said to help each state, the northeastern region has been given to the World Bank to look after the capacity building. He said that the target given to Nagaland is about 50MW for RTS. SUPRABHA’s proposed engagements with Nagaland are development of an exclusive solar rooftop policy, capacity building, training of utility engineers, entrepreneurs, bankers, unified web portal for online subsidy and interconnection modules. Advisor to Nagaland Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio, Mmhonlumo Kikon voiced confidence that the engineers of the state will find the best solution in implementing the solar rooftop plan. Kikon said the Nagaland government has proposed smaller size solar parks with a capacity 23 MW but faces funding problems in infrastructure development. “Northeastern region requires a different approach. So, the funding pattern needs to be looked at seriously by an independent body,” he said.
Category: Regional
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